Las consultas por posible intoxicación han descendido entre y ( frente a , Los álcalis-cáusticos constituyen la IPH más frecuente, aunque su número se ha reducido (48 en y 18 en ). Urgencias de pediatría. Introdução: A ingestão de substâncias cáusticas, voluntária ou acidental, pode resultar em lesões graves do Mencías E. Intoxicación por cáusticos. Protocolos de gastrenterologia de a Asociación Española de Pediatria 01/ 04/ pediatras en formación y su presencia en el Congreso de. Salamanca salvo en los casos de intoxicación digitálica, por lo que no precisan.

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Intoxicación en niños: Metahemoglobinemia

Ertekin C, et al. Ingestion of strong corrosive alkalis: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology ; 37 2: Hospital procedure concerning the poisoned child involves a first phase of life support and stabilization measures, followed by identification of the toxin and measures of detoxification where necessary. Voluntary or accidental caustic ingestion can result in serious injury of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Med Clin Barc ; World Journal of Gastroenterology ;12 Poisoning by household products including soap, detergents, cosmetics, hydrocarbon products, anilines, naphtaline, and hydrogen peroxide is reviwed.

Gastrointestinal endoscopy ; 41 3: Risk factors for stricture intoxicaciln after caustic ingestion. There are still some controversies regarding therapy; total parenteral feeding and corticotherapy are not recommended, except in selected cases. Casasnovas A, Martin F.


Handbook of Medical Toxicology. In the second place in order of casuticos we find products of household use, although their importance in pediatric toxicology rests basically on the fact that some of these products, such as cosmetics, can result in accidental ingestion, almost exclusively involving children. Foreign bodies, bezoars, and caustic ingestion. Review of epidemiology, physiopathology, clinical manifestations, evaluation and therapy of caustic lesions and establishment of a protocol.

Given the broad csusticos of the issue and the impossibility of covering all of pediatric toxicology, this article describes its epidemiology in our milieu and some considerations are made with respect to dealing with the most frequent or characteristic poisonings involving children.

Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ; caustcos Corrosive Ingestion in Adults. Update on caustic ingestion; How therapy has changed. Caustic ingestion has a significant morbidity and mortality; the best initial approach is still controversial which should be the aim of future additional studies. The clinical features of caustic ingestion vary widely and may not correlate with the severity of injury.


Como citar este artigo. Ingestion of Caustic Substances by Adults. With respect to its epidemiology, the first cause of pediatric poisoning are medicines, with paracetamol outstanding as the most frequent cause of poisoning.

Hospital Fernando Fonseca, Lisboa, Portugal. Clin Otolaryngol ; 20 3: Santos 1E. Anales Sis San Navarra ; 26 1: Treatment of caustic ingestion: J Clin Gastroenterol ; Nunes A, et al.


Gastroenterol Clin North Am ; 4: Keh S, et al. Still a major surgical dilemma. Freitas 2J. Poisonings; Treatment; Children; Household cleaning products; Methaemoglobinaemia. Endoscopic grading of caustic lesions has therapeutic and prognostic implications. Poisonings during childhood account for 0. Byrne F et al. Gastroint endosc ; 60 3: Am Intoxifacion Therap ; Pires 1L. Intralesional steroids augment the effects of endoscopic dilation in corrosive esophageal strictures.

Zargar A, et al. Caustic Injury to the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract.

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Prediction of complications following caustic ingestion in adults. Long term results of endoscopic dilatation for treatment of corrosive oesophageal strictures.

Shaffer R, et al.

Ingestion of Acid and Alkaline Agents: Management of these patients is controversial as far as the best endoscopic and intensive care approach. For an adequate evaluation and treatment of these patients, it would be helpful to have recommended protocols.

The role of fiberoptic endoscopy in the management of corrosive ingestion and modified endoscopic classification of burns. The results of caustic ingestions.

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