Tratat de istorie a religiilor has ratings and 17 reviews. „Un fenomen religios nu se va dezvălui ca atare decât considerat în propria sa modalitate. Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. Mircea Eliade was a Romanian historian of religion, fiction writer, philosopher, and professor at “Introducere”, in Eliade, Tratat de istorie a religiilor: Introducere (“Religious History Treatise” – Patterns in Comparative Religion), Humanitas.
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Eliade cites a wide variety of myths and rituals to support his theories. Therefore, by the logic of the eternal return, each New Year ceremony was the beginning of the world for these peoples. In contrast, nonreligious man lacks sacred models for how history or human behavior should be, so he must decide on his own how history should religilor “regards himself solely as the subject and agent of history, and refuses all appeal to transcendence”.
In addition to his fiction, the exiled Eliade authored several volumes of memoirs and diaries and travel writings.
Furthermore, some see a connection between Eliade’s essentialism with regard to religion and fascist essentialism with regard to races and nations. The shaman dies not once but many times: A secondary but unifying feature present in most of Eliade’s stories is their setting, a magical and part-fictional Bucharest. Archived from the original on October 11, However, in BuddhismJainismand some forms of Hinduism, the Sacred lies outside the flux of the material world called mayaor “illusion”and one can only reach it istria escaping from the cycles of time.
According to Sebastian, Eliade had been friendly to him until the start of his political commitments, after which he severed all ties.
The friendship between Eliade and Sebastian drastically declined during the war: One could say that the anxious search for the origins of Life and Mind; the fascination in ietoria ‘mysteries of Nature’; the urge to penetrate and decipher the inner structure of Matter—all these longings and drives denote a sort of nostalgia for the primordial, for the original universal matrix.
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Furthermore, Eliade argues that Istoriia can learn from non-Western religilor to see something besides absurdity in suffering and death. Instead, these religions embrace the concept of linear history progressing toward the Messianic Age or the Last Judgmentthus initiating the idea of “progress” humans are to work for a Paradise in the future.
However, others argue that Eliade is better understood as a scholar who is willing to openly discuss sacred experience and its consequences.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. Eliade’s own version of events, eliace his involvement in far right politics as marginal, was judged to contain several inaccuracies and unverifiable claims. The lengthy novel Huliganii “The Hooligans” is intended as the fresco of a family, and, through it, that of an entire generation.
Eliade replied that his works were written for a contemporary public, and not to initiates of esoteric circles.
In addition, Ellwood identifies Eliade’s personal sense of nostalgia as a source for his interest in, or even his theories about, traditional societies. Wendy Doniger noted that Eliade’s theory of rsligiilor eternal return “has become a truism in the study of religions”.
Eliade was much interested in the world of the unconscious. They further assert that there is no imprint of overt political beliefs in Eliade’s scholarship, and also claim that Eliade’s critics are following political agendas. Le prisonnier de l’histoire “Mircea Eliade.
File:Eliade Mircea Istoria credintelor si ideilor religioase Pdf – Monoskop
His Myths, Dreams and Mysteries also addresses istorla in some detail. Ellwood sees evidence of this in Eliade’s concept of the “Terror of history” from which modern man is no longer shielded. However, the story also casts doubt on her earlier actions, reflecting rumors that Maitreyi was not a virgin at the time she and Allan first met, which also seems to expose her father as a hypocrite.
According to Eliade, religious elements survive in secular culture, but in new, “camouflaged” forms. By its very nature, secularism depends on religion for its sense of identity: Eliade’s mention of Bessarabia probably refers to an earlier period, being his interpretation of a pre- Greater Romania process.
Whether in Augustan Rome or modern Europe, democracy all too easily gave way to totalitarianismtechnology was as readily used for battle as for comfort, and immense wealth lay alongside abysmal poverty. Eliade notes that a Western or Continental philosopher might feel suspicious toward this Hindu view of history:. Late in the s, Mihail Sebastian was marginalized by Romania’s antisemitic elisde, and came to reflect on his Romanian friend’s association with the far right.
Culianu viewed it as a direct reference to Corneliu Zelea Codreanu and his rise in popularity, an interpretation partly based on the similarity between, on one hand, two monikers ascribed to the Legionary leader by, respectively, his adversaries and his followersand, on the other, the main character’s name Cucoanes.
In addition to his political essays, the young Mircea Eliade authored others, philosophical in content. Uranus” “The Recuperation of Ionathan X. During his later years, Eliade’s fascist past was progressively exposed publicly, the stress of which probably contributed to the decline of his health. Therefore, he enjoys the conditions of the mythical age.